{tab=Trip Recap}

A small group arrived for a morning up the Ortega Highway (Hwy 74). This trip happened to be on the same day as the Pollination Symposium at the Upper Newport Bay Ecological Reserve. But small groups allow more interaction and a more intimate experience, so there were no complaints as seven of us headed up the highway. Our first stop was to a meadow off the highway, sometimes referred to as Acjachemem Meadow, in honor of the native Americans that used the area for many centuries. In the meadow we observed and discussed the uncommon basket rush (Juncus textilis) that was used by the native people. Before we left the meadow we each pulled a few plants of highly invasive yellow star thistle (Centaurea solstitialis), which is beginning to invade the meadow.

We next moved into the margins of a recently burned area (controlled burn) to see a few fire following plants and discuss their adaptations. We discussed terms such as "seedbank" and "budbank" as well as seedcoats, scarification by heat, smoke treatment, fire regimes and the organized pattern of plant succession following a fire. We then observed and discussed one of the more complicated groups of native plant to identify, the Cryptantha and Plagiobothrys, very similar members of the Boragincaeae family. We removed a tiny little nutlet from one of the plants at our feet and viewed it (barely) through a hand lends, while discussing patterns of seed scars and protuberances as characteristics for identification.

As we drove or cars up Long Canyon Road we stopped a couple of times to see other plants along the way; including Calochortus weedii,  Camissoniopsis hirtella, Chorizanthe fimbriataDelphinium cardinale, Epilobium canum, Erigeron foliosus, Helianthus gracilentus, Paeonia californica, Penstemon heterophylla and Stachys rigida var. quercetorum. We paused for an especially nice visit to see the unique flowers of Frasera parryi (formerly Swertia parryi) or Parry's deer's tears. 

Once at the top of the road we walked the edge of the large meadow adjacent to Blue Jay Campground where we saw Orange County's only southern mules ears - Wyethia ovata. We were fortunate to also see one of the county's rarer butterflies, the great copper or Lycaena xanthoides, which feeds upon Rumex or dock species in the area.

A very wonderful morning with wonderful people.

{tab=Plants Seen}

1     Acourtia microcephala

1     Adenostoma fasciculatum

1     Agoseris grandiflora

1     Anagallis arvensis*

1     Antirrhinum nuttallianum

2     Apiastrum angustifolium

1     Arctostaphylos glandulosa ssp. glandulosa

1     Arctostaphylos glauca

1     Artemisia californica

1     Artemisia douglasiana

2     Artemisia dracunculus

1     Avena sp.*

1     Baccharis salicifolia

2     Barbarea orthoceras

1     Brassica nigra*

1     Bromus diandrus*

2     Bromus tectorum*

2     Calocedrus decurrens*

1     Calochortus splendens

1     Calochortus weedii var. weedii

1     Calystegia macrostegia

1     Camissoniopsis bistorta

2     Camissoniopsis micrantha

1     Camissoniopsis hirtella

2     Carex praegracilis

2     Castilleja exserta

1     Castilleja foliolosa

1     Ceanothus crassifolius

1     Ceanothus oliganthus

1     Centaurea melitensis*

1     Centaurea solstitialis*

1     Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides

1     Chaenactis artemisiifolia

1     Chaenactis glabriuscula var. glabriuscula

1     Chorizanthe fimbriata

1     Cirsium occidentale

2     Cirsium vulgare*

2     Clarkia purpurea ssp. purpurea

1     Claytonia perfoliata

1     Clematis sp.

2     Collinsia heterophylla var. heterophylla

1     Cordylanthus rigidus

1     Corethrogyne filaginifolia var. filaginifolia

1     Croton setiger

2     Cryptantha clevelandii /microstachys

1     Cryptantha sp.

1     Cuscuta californica

1     Delphinium cardinale

1     Dicentra chrysantha

1     Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum

1     Dryopteris arguta

1     Elymus condensatus

1     Emmenanthe penduliflora

1     Epilobium canum

1     Ericameria palmeri

1     Erigeron foliosus

1     Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium

1     Eriogonum fasciculatum

1     Eriophyllum confertiflorum

1     Erodium sp.*

1     Filago californica

1     Frasera parryi

1     Galium angustifolium

1     Galium aparine*

2     Galium parisiense*

1     Hazardia squarrosa var. squarrosa

1     Helianthus gracilentus

1     Hesperoyucca whipplei

1     Heteromeles arbutifolia

1     Heterotheca grandiflora

1     Hypochaeris glabra*

1     Keckiella cordifolia

1     Leptosiphon liniflorus

1     Lolium multiflorum*

1     Lomatium utriculatum

1     Lonicera subspicata var. subspicata

1     Lotus heermannii var. heermannii

1     Lotus scoparius var. scoparius

2     Lupinus bicolor

1     Lupinus excubitus var. excubitus

1     Malacothamnus fasciculata

1     Malosma laurina

1     Marah macrocarpus var. macrocarpus

1     Marrubium vulgare*

1     Melica imperfecta

1     Mimulus aurantiacus

1     Mimulus aurantiacus var. puniceus

1     Muhlenbergia rigens

2     Nassella pulchra

1     Nicotiana glauca*

1     Osmadenia tenella

1     Paeonia californica

1     Pellaea andromedifolia

1     Pellaea mucronata ssp. mucronata

1     Penstemon heterophylla

1     Penstemon spectabilis

1     Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis

1     Phacelia brachyloba

1     Phacelia cicutaria

2     Phacelia imbricata ssp. imbricata

1     Phacelia minor

1     Pinus coulteri*

1     Plantago lanceolata*

1     Platanus racemosa

1     Potentilla glandulosa ssp. glandulosa

1     Prunus ilicifolia

2     Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. beneolens

1     Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum*

1     Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

1     Quercus berberidifolia

1     Quercus chrysolepis

1     Rafinesquia californica

2     Rhamnus californica

1     Rhamnus ilicifolia

1     Rhus ovata

2     Ribes indecorum

2     Rumex crispus*

1     Salix lasiolepis

1     Salvia apiana

1     Salvia columbariae

1     Salvia mellifera

1     Sambucus mexicana

1     Sanicula arguta

1     Scrophularia californica

1     Senecio flaccidus var. douglasii

2     Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora

2     Silene gallica*

2     Sisyrinchium bellum

1     Solidago californica

1     Sonchus asper*

1     Stachys rigida var. quercetorum

1     Stipa lepida

1     Thalictrum fendleri var. fendleri

1     Toxicodendron diversilobum

2     Tragopogon porrifolius*

2     Trichostema lanceolatum

2     Trifolium ciliolatum

1     Trifolium hirtum*

2     Trifolium willdenovii

1     Uropappus lindleyi*

2     Verbena lasiostachys var. lasiostachys

2     Vicia ludoviciana ssp. Ludoviciana

2     Viola pedunculata ssp. pedunculata

2     Wyethia ovata

1     Zeltnera venusta

      1 = Long Cyn. Road

      2 = added at Los Pinos Potrero


      * = Not native, at this location 145 Species